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De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Decem

Gallery of 279 pages.


De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Decem


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As always, the 1632 edition of Spiegel's 'De Humani Corporis Fabrica' is here bound with Casseri's 'Tabulae Anatomicae.'  Also bound into the volume is the separately-published 1631 second edition of Spiegel's 'De Formato Foetu,' on generation. The latter is recorded separately in this database.

The full title of 'De Humani Corporis Fabrica' reads as follows:

"Adriani Spigelii Bruxellensis Equitis D. Marci / olim / In Patavino Gymnasio Anatomica & Chirurgia Profess. Primarij, / De Humani Corporis Fabrica Libri Decem, / Tabulis XCIIX avi incises elegantissimis, nec antehac visis exornati. / Serenissimo Ioanni Cornelio Venetiarum Duci dicati. / Opus Posthumum. / Daniel Bucretius Vratislaviensis Philos. & Medic. D. / Francofurti / Impensis & Caelo Matthaei Meriani Bibliopolae & Chalcographi, / Anno M.DC.XXXII."

The full title of the 'Tabulae Anatomicae' reads as follows:

"Iulii Casserii Placentini / Olim in Patavino Gymnasio Anatimiae Et Chirurgiae Professoris celeberrimi. / Tabulae Anatomicae LXXXIIX. Omnes novae nec ante hac visae. / Daniel Bucretius Vratislaviensis, Philos. & Med. D. / XX. Quae deerant supplevit & omnium explications addidit. / Francofurti Impensis & Coelo Matthaei Meriani Bibliopolae & Chalcographi, / Anno M. DC. XXXII."

Issue Points

The second edition of Spiegel's 'De Humani Corporis Fabrica' and the third edition of Casseri's 'Tabulae Anatomicae.'

Historical Importance

The magnificent and original series of anatomical plates were drawn by the late-Mannerist Italian painter and printmaker, Odoardo Fialetti (1573-1638) and engraved by Francesco Valesio. According to Choulant-Frank, the plates "mark a new epoch in the history of anatomic representation, owing to the correctness of their anatomic drawing, their tasteful arrangement, and the beauty of their technical execution.'

More précis information…

Born in Bologna, Fialetti initially apprenticed with Giovanni Battista Cremonini, and later under Tintoretto, with whom he was a favorite. Fialetti painted some of the churches at Venice, where he settled in 1604 in preference to Bologna, in order to avoid competition from the Carracci. Fialetti also engraved many plates, and was the author of works on costume, the arts, and a treatise on anatomy for artists (1608). Since before 1600 Casserio had been working on a fully-illustrated anatomical treatise, which he hired Fialetti to illustrate. His 'De Vocis' of 1601 concludes with a promise to publish a treatise on the anatomy of the whole human body with illustrations. However, at the time of his early death in 1616 Casserio left 86 spectacular anatomical drawings by Fialetti, and also possibly their engravings, but no text. Casserio and the co-author of this work, Adrian van der Spiegel, both studied under Fabricius ab Aquapendente (Fabrici) at the University of Padua. Both worked closely with their teacher for many years, and in 1608 Casserio succeeded Fabrici in Padua's chair of surgery and anatomy, which passed in turn to Spiegel upon Casserio's death in 1616. Spiegel (Spigelius) (1578-1625) wrote an unillustrated treatise on anatomy that remained unpublished during his lifetime; in his will he appointed Daniel Bucretius (né Rindfleisch) to see the work into print. To illustrate Spiegel's treatise, Bucretius obtained 77 of Fialetti's original 86 anatomical plates from his Casserio heirs, and commissioned 20 more by Fialetti and Valesio to complete the series (the remaining 9 plates left by Casserio were used to illustrate Spiegel's De Formato Foetu). "In the complete series, the largest number of plates, forty-three-and these perhaps the most memorable-are to be found in Liber IV, on the muscles. There are also interesting illustrations on the genito-urinary system in Liber VIII and on the brain in Liber X-one of these, showing the arterial circle at the brain, predates the Willis-Wren illustration [from Willis's 'Cerebri Anatome' (1664)]... Except for those few plates which were derived from Vesalius, the anatomists--Casserio first and Bucretius later--had reconsidered ways of presenting human anatomy. In doing so they produced the first original series of illustrations of the anatomy of the human body since Vesalius, Estienne and Eustachio"

Provenance

1. Jacob Christophor Ramspeck (his purchase inscription reading as follows on the front free-endpaper: “Ex libris / Jacobi Christophori Ramspeck Med. Stud. 1738. / const. in auct. p + 6 ½.” Ramspeck was a renowned 18th century physician at Basel, Switzerland, who studied under van Haller (one of the leading figures in the history of early modern European medicine)).

Early Modern17th CenturyMedicineMedicalScienceScientific RevolutionSpiegeliusCasserioCasseriusAnatomyAnatomical AtlasCardiologyDaniel BucretiusGiulio CasseriMatthias MerianOdoardo FialettiFrancesco ValJacob Christophor RamspeckFamous ProvenanceFabricius ab AquapendenteFabrizio d'Aquapendente

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