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Postille Super Psalterium

Gallery of 427 pages.


Postille Super Psalterium


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No title page is called for.

The colophon reads as follows:

"Et sic est finis huius utilis & suavis postille sup totu[m] psalterium. Impresse autem fuit Venetiis y Joha[n]nem & Gregorium de gregoriis fratres impe[n]sis Stefani & Bernardini de Nallis fratrum suasu revere[n]disiimi pri[mu]s & p[rae]dicatoris egregii fr[atr]is Dominici Ponzoni. Habita tamen gratia ab excelso venetorum dominio ne quis per decennium primu[m] iprimere possit aut imprimi facere sev alibi impressam vendere per totu[m] dominium &c. sub penis &c. proutin ipsa gratia plenius continentur. Co[m]pleta vero fuit die. iz. Novembris. 1496."

Issue Points

The editio princeps.

Historical Importance

Hugh of Saint-Cher, O.P., (c. 1200 – 19 March 1263) was a French Dominican friar who became a cardinal and noted biblical commentator. Hugh was born at Saint-Cher, a suburb of Vienne, Dauphiné, around the beginning of the 13th century and, while a student at the University of Paris, he studied philosophy, theology, and jurisprudence, which latter subject he later taught at that same university.

More précis information…

In 1225, he entered the Dominican priory there and took the religious habit of the recently founded Order. Soon after his admission, he was appointed as Prior Provincial of the Order for France. He was made the prior of the Paris monastery in 1230. During those years, he contributed largely to the Order's success, and won the confidence of Pope Gregory IX, who sent him as a papal legate to Constantinople in 1233.

Pope Innocent IV made Hugh a Cardinal Priest in 1244, with his titular church being Santa Sabina, the mother church of the Dominican Order. He then played an important part in the First Council of Lyons, which took place the following year. He contributed to the institution of the Feast of Corpus Christi on the General Roman Calendar. In 1247, upon instructions of Pope Innocent, Hugh revised the Carmelite Rule of St. Albert, which the Saint Albert Avogadro, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, had given the first Carmelite friars on Mount Carmel. The Holy See felt it necessary to mitigate some of the Rule's more demanding elements to make it more compatible with conditions in Europe. The same pope approved these changes, and this revision remains the Rule for the Carmelite Order. After the death in 1250 of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, Pope Innocent sent Hugh to Germany as his legate for the election of a successor.

Under the authority of Pope Alexander IV, in 1255 Hugh supervised the condemnations of the Introductorius in Evangelium aeternum of Gherardino da Borgo San Donnino, which promoted the teachings of Abbot Joachim of Fiore. These teachings worried the bishops as they had become widespread among the "Spiritual" wing of the Franciscan friars, to which Gherardino belonged. He also supervised the condemnation of William of St Amour's De periculis novissimorum temporum. This work was an expression of the attack on the mendicant Orders, who were becoming so successful in the lives of the universities, by the secular clergy who had previously had unchallenged authority there. Hugh served as Major Penitentiary of the Catholic Church from 1256 to 1262. He was named Cardinal Bishop of Ostia in December 1261, but resigned a few months later and returned to his title of Santa Sabina. Hugh was in residence in Orvieto, Italy, with Pope Urban IV, who had established a long-term residence there, when he died on 19 March 1263.

Renaissance15th CenturyIncunabulaIncunabulumMedievalChristianityTheology

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